According to a UN-Habitat report, over 20 million people in the Philippines live in slums, and in the city of Manila alone, 50% of the 11 million inhabitants live in slum areas.
Half of the population in Manila lives in slums, EnFaNCE intervenes in two districts of the city: Port of Manila and Tondo. Port of Manila is a small district with 50,000 inhabitants; it includes a depressed area called Baseco. Tondo, on the order hand, is the biggest of the 16 districts of Manila, and the most densely populated with a number of households at 121,489, and the largest population at 630,000 representing one-third of the total city population (average of 72,000 persons per km²). We work in two distinct “barangay” of Tondo: barangay 105 (Temporary Housings, Dumpsite), barangay 649 also called Baseco (Block 4 and Gasangan). These slum areas are characterized by a lack of access to public services such as water, electricity, sanitary infrastructures. People live in insecure and insalubrious shelters. Families are large and at the same time can only reach irregular, low-income jobs, and they struggle with social and psychosocial problems.
In the 90’s, Smokey Mountain was a 2 million-tonne garbage heap, which had served as a waste disposal facility for Metro Manila for over 40 years. Large squatter communities of an estimated 30,000 people lived near the site and made their living from picking through the Smokey Mountain refuse. In 1993, an agreement between the National Housing Authority (NHA) and the Filipino Government authorized urban resettlement sites for the slum dwellers.
Aroma Temporary Buildings – Barangay 105
Dumpsite – Barangay 105
Dumpsite is a landfill, situated very close to the old Smokey Mountain. It is a dump where around 2,500 families live at present.
Baseco – Barangay 649